Asphalt single roofing is far and away the most popular of all roofing materials used in the US. Asphalt shingles are now produced in a rainbow of colors and not just the traditional shades of gray.
Asphalt singles are easy to install, attaching to the roof with adhesive and roofing nails. You will have a broad choice of asphalt shingle styles and grades from which to make your choice, and the higher the number assigned to grade of shingle, the better its quality will be. Your budget will play a large part in your choice of asphalt shingle grades.
Fiberglass, fiber, and PVC are all used to make corrugated sheet roofing, which is almost always installed directly on an existing roof. Corrugated sheet roofing is ideal for home handymen who are up to handling n a DIY roofing installation project.
Wooden Shingles And Built-up Roofing
Using wooden shingles or shakes for a roof can give a home a very natural rustic appearance. While wooden shingles create a smooth, uniform texture on a roof, wooden shakes will provide a very rough, and even more rustic, look. There are some homeowners who pass on wooden roofs as fire hazards, but they do create a look which can’t be matched by any other roofing materials.
While built-up roofing is seldom used in residences, it is popular on commercial structures with flat or nearly flat surfaces. Built-up roofing is composed of layers of asphalt treated fiberglass, combined with asphalt tar.
Metal. Tile, and Slate Roofing
The popularity of metal roofing declined after the end of World War II, but it has seen a resurgence in the past twenty years. Metal roofing is easy to install, low-maintenance, and nonflammable. Some metal roofing is guaranteed for fifty years.
Metal roofing is available in aluminum, steel and stainless steel, tin, copper, and copper alloys. Aluminum is both lightweight and resistant to rust and corrosion, while steel is exceptionally hard but will succumb to rust unless treated for an extra cost. Copper is very expensive, and scratched or dents easily, so copper alloys are often used as roofing because of their harder surfaces.
Slate and tile roofing has been around longer than almost any other roofing material, and will still outlast most of them. But both tile and slate are very expensive, require specialized installation techniques. They are also too heavy tow be suitable for many kinds of construction, and the buildings on which they are used must be reinforced to safely tolerate their extra weight.