Fiberglass asphalt shingles are thin and lightweight. They are easier to install because they are much less heavy than other asphalt shingles. Fiberglass shingles are naturally fire resistant and usually have a longer warranty than shingles made from an organic base.
Organic based shingles are made from a felt paper and asphalt backing. These shingles heavy and are considered more durable than shingles made from a fiberglass backing because there is more asphalt used in them. Organic shingles are therefore more flexible and easy to manipulate. Over time, however, organic based shingles can absorb water and warp. It is because of this that most contractors and homeowners choose fiberglass based asphalt shingles for roofing in the central and southern states, where organic based shingles are used more often in the northern region.
The price of organic and fiberglass based shingles can range anywhere from $30 to $80 per square. Higher quality shingles are more expensive than shingles that do not meet standards such as a greater nail-pull resistance and a high tear-strength resistance. You can choose between 3-tab shingles and architectural shingles. 3-tab shingles are the most popular choice because, but architectural shingles are becoming more and more prevalent. Architectural shingles are easier to install, virtually eliminating visible imperfections and wavy lines. They also can have a longer warranty period because of the lessened risk of damage from improper installation. 3-tab shingles can bulge and wave if installed incorrectly. Architectural shingles can be more expensive than traditional 3-tab shingle styles, but the cost of installation may be less. Check with your roofing contractor to compare the difference.
When purchasing asphalt shingles for your home, be sure to check warranties and that the particular brand meets industry standards. Organic based shingles should beet the ASTM D-225 standard, while fiberglass shingles need to meet the ASTM D-3462 standard. These numbers mean that the particular brand can withstand pulls and tears. Warranties can be anywhere from 20 to 45 years, depending on the brand. However, it is important to read over the fine print to determine the exact types of damage the warranty covers.
Asphalt roofing shingles are the most popular choice for homes and commercial buildings because of its unbeatable function, appearance and durability. No matter which type of shingles you decide to install, improper installation can lead to irreversible water damage and be a monstrous expense to repair. Your roof is one of the most important, and often overlooked, aspects of your home, so choose a shingle that will provide the look and the protection your family deserves.