How to Build a Roof


One of the most important parts of an establishment is the roof. It protects individuals from bad weather. It is very important that it is properly constructed to avoid any unexpected accident.

There are different designs that you can pick from depending upon the type of establishment that you are constructing. It also varies in shape, design and overall size. You can also paint it according to the surroundings of the structure that you are building it for.

It is also helpful and will make things easier if you have some knowledge of basic construction, battening, slating, felting and installing the set-up into place.


The materials needed are exterior wood, scaffolding, drip edge, asphalt shingles, metal flashing, 12 GA nails for roofing, tar paper, rafter ties, fasteners for metal products and clips.


The tools needed are tape measure, claw hammer, canvas nail belts, framing hammer, wrenches, combination square, carpentry level, screwdrivers, hacksaw, drills, chalk line, ladders, felt-tipped pencils and pens, string, hand saw, saw horses, plumb bob, finish hammer, staple gun, clam, nail gun, chisel, tin snip, caulking gun, insurance, blue prints and nail set.


Check if the ends of the rafter are in correct position. Remember that the ends will not be in a good position if the walls are not parallel with one another. Start by reviewing your building map and laying out the materials and tools that you need. Steadily work upwards to the base of the roof.

The sheets must also be properly installed from the base up to the top. If it is not, raised in four inches increments, carefully divide the last roof sheet so that you can place it easily. The mark for the sheathing must be parallel to the rafters. It is advisable to utilize codes when you are already in the nailing part since it will guide you where you should place the nails.

Do not secure the rafters at the edges of the roof until you have nailed the adjoining sheets. This will enable you to change the location of the rafters if you wish to. You should stagger the joints of the roof sheathing for the different courses. Divide a portion into two parts and then utilize these roof sheaths.

Use metal clips to strengthen the set-up. You need to check once in a while if it the roof is properly aligned. Remember to check each slope individually. You now have a roof that will protect you at all times.


Source by Kenny Leones