The roofing term “roofing material” is the first of the roofing terms you need to understand. Roofing materials are what are used to construct roofs, and over eighty percent of residential roofs in the Untied States are made of asphalt shingle roofing material. But other roofing materials are different kinds of metals, tile, wood, slate, and even rubber.
If you want an asphalt roof, you’ll need to know the roofing terms used to refer to the two types of asphalt shingles, which are organic and fiberglass. Fiberglass roofing shingles have a fiberglass mat which makes them more fire resistant than composition shingles. But composition asphalt shingles are made with natural mats of wood, cellulose fiber, or recyclable corrugated cardboard, which makes them more environmentally friendly.
Other Essential Roofing Terms
The next roofing terms you’ll have to know are “roofing nails” and “roofing screws.” Roofing nails are used to secure all roofing materials except metal and rubber. Metal roofing is secured with roofing screws, and rubber roofing is secured with an adhesive and weighted down while the adhesive dries.
The next of the necessary roofing terms is “roof edging.” Roof edging is a strip of either aluminum or steel is run around the entire perimeter of a roof both to create a finished appearance and to support the shingles which extend out over the roof’s edges. Roof edging is also used along the edges of “roll roofing,’ another of the roofing terms describing rolls of felt soaked in tar which are rolled out on a roof prior to the installation of the shingles, to act as extra leak prevention.
Describing the Roof Itself
Roofing terms which apply to the roofing contractors itself include the “crown,” which is the highest point of a peaked roof, and the “edge,” which is the edge either along the sides of gables or along the gutters. An “overlap” is the term for the area of one shingle placed over the edge of another, and “roof glue” is only one of the different roofing terms referring to the tarry adhesive which roofers seal one layer of shingles to an underlying layer when working in areas or along edges where the use of nails is awkward.
There are other roofing terms you will eventually learn, but this list is enough to get you started on your way!